Home automation can be implemented in a number of ways. But the one way that’s emerging to be most popular is that via Internet of Things, or IoT. In the recent times, IoT has matured tremendously as a technology and has found its implementation in a wide range of areas, that include businesses and industries as well as homes and everyday living. IoT in home automation refers to interactions of the smart home appliances with one another, and controlling of all of these smart home appliances, over the Internet. This article will explore in depth how is an IoT based home automation system implemented and what are the benefits of smart homes that are backed by IoT:
The Basics of How Smart Home is Implemented With the Help of IoT
A smart home that’s built on IoT basically features sensors and remote servers. When these remotely located servers are configured properly as per the requirements, they can oversee and manage the sensors which are installed in the home. In addition to these sensors and servers, there is also the primary controller or gateway (may also be known as the hub), through which transmission of commands takes place to and from the sensors. In addition to the commands transmission, the job of this gateway is also to communicate with the cloud network on the Internet for transferring the output and accepting the inputs. This controller is easily linked to the router of your home with the help of an Ethernet cable.
In such an IoT-based home automation system, your communications will take place with this primary controller that sits at the center of the entire system. The Internet will enable the communication with the controller even when your current location is far away from the home. As long as there is Internet availability at your home (for the hub) and your current location (for your mobile device), the communications will take place smoothly via the cloud network. You can just place the command for a device through the cloud network. The command will be intercepted by the hub, which would then transmit the command signal to the respective sensor. The sensor, on receiving the command, will carry out the action that’s ordered by you. After the sensor has executed the ordered action, the hub will send the status of action completion on the cloud network, so that you are informed that your command has been executed.
All the devices in your smart home will be interconnected to each other on the hub’s common network in a mesh network topology. This type of connection between the smart home devices ensures that you can set rules for triggering one sensor after another sensor has been triggered.
3 Key Benefits of IoT Based Smart Homes
• You Get More Control Over Your Household
The basic purpose behind home automation is having more control over what goes on in your household. Well, you get more of this much needed control when you implement home automation using IoT. In a smart home that’s based on IoT infrastructure, no distance can separate you from your house. You will be able to access, monitor, and control your Internet-enabled home devices from a remote location. So, suppose you were heading home, then you could turn on the cooling or heating in your home while you’re on the commute to home. Or, if you were heading somewhere outside home and you forgot to turn off the cooling or heating in your home, then you could do so in a moment on the go using your mobile device like tablet or smartphone. So, you get energy-efficiency and convenience both in IoT based smart home.
• Keep Tabs on the State of Your Home Appliances
Maintaining your home appliances means tending to any of their repair needs quickly to prevent the issue from getting any worse. IoT smart home could be a great help in this area. By connecting with your home devices constantly over the Internet, keeping tabs on the current state of the devices will become very easy. If there’s any appliance that needs immediate attention, you’ll be notified about the same. This means you’ll be able to take the requisite action to fix the problem at the earliest and manage your home much more efficiently.
• Ensure More Security for Your Home
When you’re far away from home, how can you be assured that everything’s all okay back at home? IoT smart home will give you this security assurance. Your various home security related equipment will be interconnected, meaning you’ll be able to monitor as well as give commands for suitable action in real-time. So, if you were on a trip and wanted to check up on the security of your home, then you could remotely access and view your security camera. If you realize that you haven’t turned the camera on before leaving for the trip, you could do that remotely in an instant. You could also get security related notifications and alerts on your desired mobile device.
A Word of Advice Before You Implement IoT Based Smart Home
After discovering all these amazing benefits of IoT based smart home, you might want to implement the same for your home as early as possible. But before you do, you should know about the three layers of security that are absolutely crucial in protecting any IoT infrastructure. These layers of security refer to security at the data level, device level, and network level. The data that’s shared between the equipment or devices that are interacting with each other in the IoT, the devices or the appliances that are part of the IoT infrastructure, and the network over which all the data is being shared and the devices are interconnected, these all need to be completely secure for the IoT infrastructure to be completely secure.